What are the 5 types of Cyber Security?
Cyber security services safeguards a computer’s Internet-connected systems, hardware, software, and data against cyber-attacks. If you do not have a security plan in place, hackers may get access to your computer system and misuse personal information, customer information, business intelligence, and much more.
Types of Cyber Security Services
There are 5 types of cyber security services:
A group of technologies known as “network security” guard against a variety of potential dangers from entering or spreading within a network, preserving the usefulness and integrity of a company’s infrastructure. Tools that protect the network and the apps that use it make up a network security architecture. Multiple scalable and automated lines of defence are used in effective network security strategies. The security policies defined by the administrator are enforced by each defensive layer.
The ability of a business to hire staff, deliver goods and services to clients, and protect its network is essential. Securing apps and data on the network is essential for corporate growth, let alone safeguarding the reputation of an organisation, whether it be for online retail, workplace applications, or remote desktops. Effective network security can also boost network performance by decreasing the amount of downtime brought on by successful attacks.
Critical Infrastructure Security
All physical and virtual assets, systems, and networks that are critical to the proper functioning of a society’s economy, national public health or safety, security, and any combination of the above are considered critical infrastructure. Food and agriculture sectors, transport networks (e.g., roads, railways, highways, airports), water supply (e.g., drinking water, waste water/sewage), mobile and internet networks, public health (e.g., hospitals, ambulances), energy (oil and natural gas), electric utilities, financial services, telecommunication services, defence, and more are all examples of critical infrastructure. Although all nations’ critical infrastructure is similar due to basic living needs, critical infrastructure can vary depending on a nation’s unique needs, resources, and level of development.
Industrial control systems (ICS), such as supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems, are frequently used in critical infrastructure industries to automate industrial processes. A major cause of worry is attacks on SCADA and other industrial control systems. They have the ability to seriously jeopardise critical infrastructure, including transportation, gas and oil supplies, electrical grids, water distribution, and sewage collection. Because infrastructure systems and sectors are interconnected and dependent on one another, a failure in one or more of these services or a blackout can have an immediate and detrimental effect on many different sectors.
Application security, abbreviated as AppSec, includes all tasks that create a secure software development life cycle to development teams. Its ultimate goal is to improve security practices and, as a result, detect, repair, as well as ideally, avoid application security flaws. It includes requirements analysis, design, implementation, testing, and maintenance throughout the application life cycle.
Hardware, software, and methods for locating and resolving security problems are all examples of application security. Hardware application security is exemplified by a router that forbids Internet users from reading a computer’s IP address. Software usually includes application-level security restrictions, such as an application firewall that strictly limits what actions are allowed and forbidden.
Even though today’s applications are frequently accessible across multiple networks and linked to the cloud, they are more vulnerable to security attacks as well as breaches. There is increasing pressure and incentive to ensure network security as well as security within individual applications. One explanation is that hackers are focusing their attacks on applications more than ever before. Application security testing can reveal application-level flaws, which can aid in the prevention of these attacks.
The sooner and earlier you detect and address security issues in the software development process, the safer your company will be. Everyone makes mistakes; the trick is to recognise them as soon as possible.
Cloud security, also known as cloud computing security, is a set of security safeguards designed to safeguard cloud-based infrastructure, applications, and data. These safeguards protect user and device authentication, data and resource access control, and data privacy. They also aid in the compliance of regulatory data. Cloud security is used in cloud environments to protect a company’s data from DDoS attacks, malware, hackers, and unauthorised user access or use.
Cloud security is essential because the majority of businesses now utilise cloud computing in some capacity. Because of the security, governance, and compliance challenges that arise when data is housed in the cloud, IT professionals are still hesitant to move more data and apps to the cloud. Due to unintended breaches or increasingly sophisticated cyber threats, they are worried that highly confidential corporate information and intellectual property may be compromised. One of the most important aspects of cloud security is protecting data and business content, including customer orders, top-secret design drawings, and financial records.
Internet of Things(IoT) Security
While still in its early stage as a part of cybersecurity , the Internet of Things (IoT) as a business enabler has matured into a well-defined set of use cases that solve pressing business problems and deliver operational and cost benefits across a wide range of industries, including healthcare, retail, financial services, utilities, transportation, and manufacturing.
The rapid development and adoption of IoT technology has fueled a transformation in enterprise operations, with IoT devices now accounting for 30% of total devices on enterprise networks. The rich data gathered by these devices provides valuable information that inform real-time decisions and provide accurate predictive modelling. Furthermore, IoT is a critical enabler of digital transformation in the enterprise, with the potential to increase workforce productivity, business efficiency, and profitability, as well as to reduce costs.
IoT security can be defined as a cybersecurity strategy and protection mechanism that protects against cyberattacks that specifically target physical IoT devices connected to the network. Without strong security, any connected IoT device is vulnerable to breach, compromise, and control by a bad actor, allowing them to eventually infiltrate, steal user data, and bring systems down.
The overarching challenge for IoT security is that as large numbers of diverse IoT devices continue to connect to the network, the attack surface expands dramatically in parallel. Finally, the overall network security posture is reduced to the level of integrity and protection provided by the least secure device.
DriveIT Technologies, a leading Indian enabler, provides cyber security services. We transform cyber security issues into innovative solutions that meet our customers’ needs. Working closely with our clients to secure and optimise their critical information technology infrastructure is one of our primary strategies.